More Details about Shri Guru Jumbheshwar Bhagwan
|Birth||Vikram Samwat 1508 Bhadrapad Vadi 8 (Year 1451)
(Midnight of Shri Krishna Janmashtami in Kritica Nakshastra)
|District: Nagaur||State: Rajasthan|
|Father||Thakur Shri Lohat Ji Panwar|
|Mother||Hansa (Smt. Kesar Devi)|
|Uncle||Shri Pulho Ji Panwar
(Jambho Ji has made him first BISHNOI)
|Aunt||Smt. Tantu Devi|
|Grand Father||Shri Rawal Singh Ji Sardar (Rolo Ji)
(He was among 42nd ancestor of Maharaja Vikramaditya)
|Nana Ji||Shri Mohakam Singh Ji Bhati (Khileri)|
|Nanihal||Village Chhapar, District Churu, Rajasthan|
When Shri Jumbheshwar Bhagwan were 7 years old, he started taking cows for grazing to the nearby forests. He utilized his seclusion as a cowherd for observing people, plants and trees, forests and animals. It was during this period that he understood the quality of life in the arid conditions of the Thar Desert.
Chet Sudi Navami, Vikram Samwat 1540: Father Lohat Ji Expired.
Five months after mother Hansa also expired.
In the age of 34 years, he left home and went to Samarathal Dhora.
Established BISHNOI religion on Kartik Vadi 8, Vikram Samwat 1542.
He left this world on Migsar Vadi Navami, Vikram Samwat 1593 at "Lalasar ki Sathari".
He cleverly packaged a set of 29 rules (This is how BISHNOI name came inplace as ’BIS’ is twenty and ’NOI’ stands for nine) by which his followers must live. He was born in a Rajput clan, given to warring and conquests. He saw poverty and social discord. Convinced that man can succeed only by taking care of nature, and not by coveting the fruits of another man’s labours. Visited across country for 51 years and shown lots of miracles to Kings, Rich & Poors etc. At times, he astounded people around him with words of knowledge and wisdom. Shri Guru Jumbheshwar Bhagwan walked the barren wilds of Rajasthan, showing how man can live in peace even in those lands, provided he cared. He was a great saint and philosopher of medieval India. He raised his voice against the rituals and formalities of Hinduism. Born in a well-to-do Rajput family in 1508 in Pipasar village of Nagaur district, Jambhoji was the only child of his parents. As a child, he was so quiet that his fellow villagers thought him to be dumb. After the death of his parents, he renounced his entire property and shifted to Samrathal sand dunes. This is the place that saw the birth of Bishnoi sect. He imparted knowledge to his followers and propagated his faith. He was against all social and religious barriers. His close study of desert had made him realize the important role played by trees and other forms of vegetation.
Some of principles to live by, totaling 29 in all, by Shri Guru Jumbheshwar Bhagwan are as follows:
Never cut a green tree, but wait for a tree to age and die and then use it as timber.
Bury your dead simply, so that the earth assimilates the flesh - and you save too, the wood needed for a casket or a cremation.
Practice cleanliness and a high level of hygiene, for these will guard you from disease.
Protect wildlife - they too play a role in maintaining soil fertility and in holding the balance of harmful and beneficial life forms.
Conserve water for use by man and animals, by building tanks everywhere.
Practice vegetarianism and be addicted to nothing - alcohol, tobacco or even tea! Do not expect or seek, alms or subsidy, from king or government; believe in self-help!
Let women, those founts of life, wear bright clothes of red or orange and the men white, as a symbol of undiluted devotion to the faith.
If ever you must choose to be violent, may it be in defense of a tree, an animal or your convictions; for this, even embrace death with cheer.
Refereces to read to know more about BISHNOI faith and Shri Guru Jambheshwar Bhagwan.
(1) Jambhoji: Messiah of the Thar Desert, Author - M. S. chandla, Publisher - Aurva Publications, Address - 1430 Sector 42 Chandigarh, Price - INR 250 or USD 14.95 (for English Edition)
(2) Jambhoji, Author - Hiralal Maheshwari, Qualification - D. Litt. by the University of Rajasthan Jaipur India. (available in Hindi Language)